Harley-Davidson Settles With EPA Over Aftermarket Tuner

MILWAUKEE, Aug. 18, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Harley-Davidson, Inc. (NYSE:HOG) has reached a settlement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding the sale of one aftermarket tuning product used to calibrate motorcycles intended for off-road and closed-course competition. As part of the settlement agreement, the company will no longer sell its competition-only tuner in the U.S. The company will continue to sell a performance tuner designed to ensure Harley-Davidson motorcycles retain 50-state and EPA on-road emissions compliance. The settlement has no impact on the company’s other performance product offerings.

The EPA alleged that by selling its Pro Super Tuner through its U.S. dealer network, Harley-Davidson enabled dealers and customers to tamper with motorcycles used on public roads. Harley-Davidson disagrees with the EPA’s position, noting that the tuner was designed and sold as an after-market, competition-only product used to adapt engine parameters for use with Harley-Davidson after-market equipment.

“This settlement is not an admission of liability but instead represents a good faith compromise with the EPA on areas of law we interpret differently, particularly EPA’s assertion that it is illegal for anyone to modify a certified vehicle even if it will be used solely for off-road/closed-course competition,” said Ed Moreland, Harley-Davidson’s Government Affairs Director. “For more than two decades, we have sold this product under an accepted regulatory approach that permitted the sale of competition-only parts. In our view, it is and was legal to use in race conditions in the U.S.”

Harley-Davidson, one of many suppliers in the aftermarket performance parts industry, has safeguards in place to educate dealers and customers on the implications of installing Harley-Davidson performance products on their Harley-Davidson motorcycles. This includes clear product labeling of competition-only products and detail on what performance enhancements are considered street legal and for competition-use only, the legal consequences of tampering with emission controls and components, and what enhancements would void the vehicle warranty.

“Concern for our U.S. customers and dealers weighed heavily in reaching this compromise with the EPA,” said Moreland. “By settling this matter, we can focus our future attention and resources on product innovation rather than a prolonged legal battle with the EPA.”

Harley-Davidson is and has been committed to meeting or exceeding all emissions requirements for its motorcycles in every market it serves. It will continue to offer a broad range of industry-leading, compliant performance products that enable customization and performance enhancements that meet all emissions requirements and maintain the company’s vehicle warranty.

Harley-Davidson, Inc. is the parent company of Harley-Davidson Motor Company and Harley-Davidson Financial Services. Harley-Davidson Motor Company produces heavyweight custom, cruiser and touring motorcycles and offers a complete line of Harley-Davidson motorcycle parts, accessories, riding gear and apparel, and general merchandise. Harley-Davidson Financial Services provides wholesale and retail financing, insurance, extended service and other protection plans and credit card programs to Harley-Davidson dealers and riders in the U.S., Canada and other select international markets. For more information, visit Harley-Davidson’s web site at www.harley-davidson.com.

TECH: S&S 107″ Cam & Cylinder Kit (Intro)

Our opening shot shows our 2012  Heritage Softail up on Kenny’s lift with the exhaust and top end removed. The gas tank is lifted, and the gearcase section is emptied, except for the oil pump. The pinion shaft runout has also been checked and is below the required 0.003" maximum

Our opening shot shows our 2012
Heritage Softail up on Kenny’s lift with the exhaust and top end removed. The gas tank is lifted, and the gearcase section is emptied, except for the oil pump. The pinion shaft runout has also been checked and is below the required 0.003″ maximum

Our Heritage gained 28 hp and 27 ft-lbs. of torque!

Captions and photos by Chris Maida

Harleys are built to cover some serious mileage. But even the most babied engine is going to need a top end rebuild at some point, although readers of this magazine probably don’t fall into that category. When it comes to the world of Harley-Davidson, anything you want to do has a bunch of different options. So when our high-mileage 2012 TC 103 Heritage Softail started hinting at a new top end, we examined a few of the options. The first, of course, is to rebuild it back to stock specs. Option B is to increase the engine’s displacement and throw in a hotter set of cams. Okay, so our only real options were how big and how hot.

Since the still-young Heritage sees lots of time out on the road, reliability and manners are just as important as power output. For that reason, we turned to the legendary S&S Cycle in Viola, Wisconsin, for a 107″ cylinder kit (#910-0479/$929.95) and its gear-driven HP103GE Easy Start camshafts (#330-0354/$824.95). The wrinkle black, 11-fin cylinder kit fits 2007 and later Big Twins. (No worries Twin-Cooled model owners! S&S has a kit for you, too.) The 3.937″-bore cylinders are the largest size that can fit in stock, unmodified engine cases. That means no machining is necessary, and you can achieve the maximum bore size with minimal effort. The S&S cylinders are also the same height as stock, which, again, makes this an easy install. The centrifugal-cast, gray iron liner and the included 4.937″, 4-3/8″ stroke CP pistons provide excellent wear and noise characteristics and performance. The fin area is increased for better cooling performance over stock cylinders. The cylinders are also available in a silver powdercoated finish, which also matches stock H-D engine finishes. The kit includes gaskets and piston rings, wristpins, and wristpin clips.

With the Heritage Softail’s new displacement, a set of performance cams is necessary to get the most out of the Beta motor. The HP103GE Easy Start camshaft is what S&S calls a “horsepower cam.” However, different intake and exhaust systems can turn the engine into more of a torque monster with a bit less top end. These are actually bolt-in cams, so no modifying of the cam compartment is necessary, a recurring theme with this S&S project. Since the heads and rocker boxes were off the bike when we installed the cams, there was no need to even order a set of pushrods; the stock ones slid right back into place! Of course, besides their high-performance profile, these are gear-driven cams. This means no more chain tensioners (great news for this high-mileage rider), but it also means a longer lifespan for the parts, and a more secure connection inside the engine’s bottom end.

For a tuner, we went with TechnoResearch’s Harley-Davidson (Delphi) 2 (#TR200053-M01-U/$638) tuner. We’ve worked with the TR quite a bit on a handful of different bikes, and it delivers flawless tuning every time. The USB port key allows for multiple reflashes on a single motor­cycle. Our choice for this build is a TechnoResearch DirectLink Flash Tuner. This module allows you to alter the fuel table, spark advance table, and other calibration table values. You can also get real-time fuel table and spark table cell tracing. The DirectLink (Flash-Tuner) communicates directly to the stock EFI module, so there’s no wiring changes or additional modules to install.

As reliable and easy to install as the S&S Cycle cylinder and cam kits are, they provide some majorly impressive numbers on the dyno. The 103″ Softail’s baseline runs yielded 68.9 hp and 87.6 ft-lbs. of torque. After tuning, the Twin Cam puts out 97 hp and 114.9 ft-lbs. of torque! That’s a 40 percent increase in horsepower and a 31 percent increase in torque. What’s really cool is that the same S&S kits also work on 96″ Twin Cams, delivering the same final output numbers. So if you’ve got a 96-incher, you can expect those percentages to be even higher, which makes your dollar-to-power ratio even higher as well!

When it comes to high-performance Harleys in the New York area, Rosa’s Cycle is the place to go. Andrew Rosa lent his skill and expertise to our S&S-equipped Heritage Softail, and the power numbers speak for themselves. Follow along as he takes us step by step in the accompanying photos and captions to see exactly how the experts do it. AIM

……….

Sources

Rosa’s Cycle Shop
631/424-4955
RosasCycle.com

S&S Cycle Inc.
866/244-2673
SSCycle.com

TechnoResearch Inc.
248/658-1800
TechnoResearch.com

Like what you see? The full article with all 25 steps, dyno chart, Tips & Tricks, and tools needed, is in American Iron Magazine issue # 324, NOW ON NEWSSTANDS! To order a back issue of this or any other issue of American Iron Magazine, visit Greaserag.com.
 
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